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The post-WW1 Weimar Repub­lic in Ger­many was the height of Euro­pean civ­i­liza­tion. Its sci­en­tists and schol­ars led the world. Its Bauhaus archi­tec­ture was the rage. Its arts fea­tured such lumi­nar­ies as Fritz Lang, Bertolt Brecht, Kurt Weill and Thomas Mann. Yet, out of this mod­ern democ­ra­cy sprang Nazism, Ger­man fas­cism, and one of the most bar­bar­ic regimes ever. How did Hitler hap­pen? It is one of the most impor­tant ques­tions of his­to­ry. What hap­pened in Ger­many has dis­turb­ing res­o­nances for our own time. Fas­cist-like regimes are tak­ing pow­er in many coun­tries. We ignore dis­turb­ing signs at our per­il from torch­light parades in Char­lottesville with crowds chant­i­ng, Jews Will Not Replace Us” to a syn­a­gogue mas­sacre in Pitts­burgh to the mur­der of African-Amer­i­cans in a church in Charleston. What can we learn from the past to ensure it doesn’t hap­pen again?